THE LAW

All vessels of 150gt and above are required by law to have a BNWAS installed by July 1st 2014 or their first survey thereafter.

‘IMO – the International Maritime Organization – is the United Nations specialized agency with responsibility for the safety and security of shipping and the prevention of marine pollution by ships.‘ www.IMO.org

Legislation in accordance with the IMO:

‘’Bridge navigational watch alarm system regulation (BNWAS) The draft amendment to SOLAS regulation V/19 will require carriage of a BNWAS, complying with IMO performance standards, on ships of 150 gross tonnage and upwards and passenger ships irrespective of size, with a phased carriage requirement for existing ships, as follows (the dates in square brackets were agreed in principle by the Sub-Committee):

  • ships of 150 gross tonnage and upwards and passenger ships irrespective of size constructed on or after [1 July 2011];
  • passenger ships irrespective of size constructed before [1 July 2011], not later than the first survey after [1 July 2012];
  • ships of 3,000 gross tonnage and upwards constructed before [1 July 2011], not later than the first survey after [1 July 2012];
  • ships, of 500 gross tonnage and upwards but less than 3,000 gross tonnage, constructed before [1 July 2011], not later than the first survey after [1 July 2013];
  • ships, of 150 gross tonnage and upwards but less than 500 gross tonnage constructed before [1 July 2011], not later than the first survey after [1 July 2014].

The bridge navigational watch alarm system is required to be in operation whenever the ship is underway at sea.’’

LY3 – The Large Yacht Compliance guide 3 states in Chapter 18:

18. NAVIGATIONAL EQUIPMENT AND VISIBILITY FROM WHEELHOUSE

18.1 Navigational Equipment

18.1.9 All vessels should be fitted with a bridge navigational watch alarm system (BNWAS), in accordance with SOLAS Chapter V Regulation 19 as follows:

18.1.9.1 Vessels of 150 gross tonnage and upwards constructed on or after 1 July 2011;

18.1.9.2 Vessels of 500 gross tonnage and upwards but less than 3,000 gross tonnage constructed before 1 July 2011, not later than the first survey after 1 July 2013; and

18.1.9.3 Vessels of 150 gross tonnage and upwards but less than 500 gross tonnage constructed before 1 July 2011, not later than the first survey after 1 July 2014.

18.1.9.4 A bridge navigational watch alarm system (BNWAS) installed prior to 1 July 2011 may subsequently be exempted from full compliance with the standards adopted by the IMO, at the discretion of the Administration.

The bridge navigational watch alarm system should be in operation whenever the ship is underway at sea.

18.1.10 Vessels of 3000 GT and over should comply with the requirements of SOLAS Chapter V Regulation 19.

And in Chapter 27 it defines the term ‘Passengers’ so there is no ambiguity:

27 PASSENGERS

No vessel to which the Code applies should carry more than 12 passengers on a voyage or excursion. The following meanings apply:

“Passenger” means any person carried in a ship except:

(a) a person employed or engaged in any capacity on board the ship on the business of the ship;

(b) a person on board the ship either in pursuance of the obligation laid upon the master to carry shipwrecked, distressed or other persons, or by reason of any circumstances that neither the master nor the owner nor the charterer (if any) could have prevented; and

(c) a child under one year of age; and “a person employed or engaged in any capacity on board the vessel on the business of the vessel” may reasonably include:

.1 bona-fide members of the crew over the minimum school leaving age (about 16 years) who are properly employed on the operation of the vessel;

.2 person(s) employed either by the owner or the charterer in connection with business interests and providing a service available to all passengers; and

.3 person(s) employed either by the owner or the charterer in relation to social activities on board and providing a service available to all passengers.

With reference to .2 and .3 above, such persons should be included in the crew list required for the vessel, should have received on board familiarization training as equired by STCW, and should not be assigned duties on the muster list.